After updating to the latest release of Aperture (version 3.4) I was receiving a crash every time I tried to launch the app, I rebuilt permissions, the library, etc and nothing worked, I was still receiving this error on launch.
*** Terminating app due to uncaught exception ‘NSInvalidArgumentException’, reason: ‘*** -[NSURL initWithScheme:host:path:]: path 680284752 is not absolute.’ terminate called throwing an exception
I did some searches on the web and tried a few suggestions but finally came across one that suggested deleting the preference files that mention Aperture from ~/Library/Preferences. This worked! Hope that helps someone else. If you can’t see this location in Finder use this article to show hidden files in your profile.